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Louis J. Lanzerotti

Lanzerotti, Louis J.
Distinguished Research Professor, Physics, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research

B.S., Engineering Physics, University of Illinois, 1960
A.M., Physics, Harvard University, 1963
Ph.D., Physics, Harvard University, 1965

Louis J. Lanzerotti was born and grew up in Carlinville, Illinois. After serving as a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University, he joined the technical staff of AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1965. He retired in 2002 and remained a consultant to Alcatel-Lucent through 2008. In 2002, he was appointed a Distinguished Research Professor of Physics in the Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in Newark, New Jersey. He has also served as an adjunct professor of electrical engineering at the University of Florida and as a Regents' Lecturer at UCLA.

His principal research interests have included space plasmas, geophysics, and engineering problems related to the impacts of atmospheric and space processes and the space environment on space and terrestrial technologies. Much of his research has involved close collaborations with telecommunications service providers on commercial satellite and long-haul (principally transoceanic) cables. His research has also involved geomagnetism, solid earth geophysics, and some oceanography. This research has been applied to design and operations of systems associated with spacecraft and cable operations.

Lanzerotti has served as principal investigator or co-investigator on several United States NASA interplanetary and planetary missions including ATS-1&3, IMP-4&5, Voyager 1&2, Ulysses, Galileo Orbiter and Entry Probe, and Cassini. Currently, he is a Principal Investigator with instruments on each of the two spacecraft in the NASA Van Allen Probes mission launched August 2012. He has also conducted geophysical research in the Antarctic and the Arctic beginning in the 1970s, directed largely toward understanding of Earth's upper atmosphere and space environments.

He has co-authored one book, co-edited four books, and is an author of more than 500 refereed engineering and science papers. He is founding editor for Space Weather, The International Journal of Research and Applications, published by the American Geophysical Union.
He has eight patents issued.

Lanzerotti has also served as a member or chair of numerous committees of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies. His service in the NRC includes chair of the Committee on Electronic Vehicle Controls and Unattended Acceleration; chair of the Committee to Assess the Safety and Security of Spent Nuclear Fuel; chair of the Committee on Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope; chair, Space Studies Board; chair, Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; chair, Decadal Survey of Solar and Space Physics. He served on the NASA Advisory Council 1988-1994. He served on the Vice President's Space Policy Advisory Board, 1990-1992. He served as Vice President of COSPAR 1994-2002. He was Chair for more than a decade of the Fachbeirat of the Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy, Germany. He served 2007-2015 as Chair of the Governing Board of the American Institute of Physics (AIP) and as Chair of the Board of Managers of AIP Publishing. He currently is serving on the Board of Trustees of the University Space Research Association (USRA).

He has been elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering (1988) and of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA; 1987). He is the recipient of the 2017 NAE Arthur M. Bueche Award. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the American Physical Society (APS), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is the recipient of two NASA Distinguished Public Service Medals, the NASA Distinguished Scientific Achievement Medal, the AGU William Bowie Medal (2011; the highest award of the AGU), the 2004 COSPAR William Nordberg Medal, the 2012 IAA Basic Science Award, a 2012 Innovators Award from the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame, the 2014 Space Weather Award from the American Meteorological Society, the 2016 AGU William Kaula Award, the 2018 NJIT College of Science and Liberal Arts Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Antarctic Service Medal of the United States. Minor Planet 5504 Lanzerotti recognizes his space and planetary research, and Mount Lanzerotti (74.50° S, 70.33° W) recognizes his research in the Antarctic.

In 1982-1990, Lanzerotti was elected to three consecutive 3-year terms on his local (Harding Township, New Jersey) school board, and served as chair of the Curriculum Committee (8 years) and vice president (5 years). He served seven terms 1993-2014 as an elected member of the Township's governing body (Township Committee), and served as the Township's Mayor in 2007-2009 and 2013.

He was nominated in 2004 by President George W. Bush to a six-year term on the National Science Board and chaired its Committee on Science and Engineering Indicators 2006-2010.

Publications 2015-2016

Baker, D. N., and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) Resource Letter SW1: Space Weather, Am. J. Physics, 84, 166-180 DOI:

Zhao, H., X. Li, D. N. Baker, S. G. Claudepierre, J. F. Fennell, J. B. Blake, B. A. Larsen, R. M. Skoug, H. O. Funsten, R. H. W. Friedel, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, D. G. Mitchell, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) Ring current electron dynamics during geomagnetic storms based on the Van Allen Probes measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 3333-3346 DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022358

Gkioulidou, M., A. Y. Ukhorskiy, D. G. Mitchell, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) Storm time dynamics of ring current protons: Implications for the long-term energy budget in the inner magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Letters, 43, 4736-4744 DOI: 10.1002/2016GL068013

Kistler, L. M., C. G. Mouikis, H. E. Spence, A. M. Menz, R. M. Skoug, H. O. Funsten, B. A. Larsen, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, J. R. Wygant, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) The source of O+ in the storm time ring current, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 5333-5349 DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022204

Keika, K., K. Seki, M. Nosé, S. Machida, Y. Miyoshi, L. J. Lanzerotti, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, D. Turner, H. Spence, and B. A. Larsen (2016) Storm time impulsive enhancements of energetic oxygen due to adiabatic acceleration of preexisting warm oxygen in the inner magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 7739-7752 DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022384

Westlake, J. H., I. J. Cohen, B. H. Mauk, B. J. Anderson, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, B. M. Walsh, L. J. Lanzerotti, R. J. Strangeway, and C. T. Russell (2016) The permeability of the magnetopause to a multispecies substorm injection of energetic particles, Geophys. Res. Letters, 43, 9453-9460 DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070189

Lanzerotti, L. J. and A. J. Gerrard, Ring Current ions measured by the RBSPICE instrument on the Van Allen Probes mission, in Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling, ed. C. R. Chappell, R. W. Schunk, P. M. Banks, and R. M. Thorne, AGU Geophysical Monograph 222, 145-154 Washington.

Mehta, D., A. J. Gerrard, Y. Ebihara, A. T. Weatherwax, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) Mesospheric gravity waves and their sources at the South Pole, Atmos. Physics Chemistry DOI: 10.5194/acp-2016-252

Urban, K. D., A. J. Gerrard, L. J. Lanzerotti, and A. T. Weatherwax (2016) Rethinking the polar cap: Eccentric dipole structuring of ULF power at the highest corrected geomagnetic latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 8475-8507 DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022567

Shi, R., D. Summers, B. Ni, J. W. Manweiler, D. G. Mitchell, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2016) A statistical study of proton pitch angle distributions measured by the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Ion Composition Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 5233-5249 DOI: 10.1002/2015JA022140

Soto-Chavez, A. R., L. J. Lanzerotti, A. Gerrard, H. Kim, J. Bortnik, and J. W. Manweiler (2016) RBSPICE measurement of ion loss during the 2015 March storm: Adiabatic response to the geomagnetic field change, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 9547-9559 DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022512

Gkioulidou, M., S. Ohtani, D. G. Mitchell, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, G. D. Reeves, D. L. Turner, J. W. Gjerloev, M. Nosé, K. Koga, J. V. Rodriguez, and L. J. Lanzerotti (2015) Spatial structure and temporal evolution of energetic particle injections in the inner magnetosphere during the 14 July 2013 substorm event, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1924-1938. DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020872.

Zhao, H., X. Li, D. N. Baker, J. F. Fennell, J. B. Blake, B. A. Larsen, R. M. Skoug, H. O. Funsten, R. H. W. Friedel, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, D. G. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, and J. V. Rodriguez (2015) The evolution of ring current ion energy density and energy content during geomagnetic storms based on Van Allen Probes measurements, J. Geophys. Res, 120, 7493-7511, DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021533

Chaston, C. C., J. W. Bonnell, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, G. D. Reeves, A. Gerrard, L. Lanzerotti, and C. W. Smith (2015) Extreme ionospheric ion energization and electron heating in Alfvén waves in the storm time inner magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Letters, 42, 10531-10540 DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066674

T. Motoba, T., K. Takahashi, A. Ukhorskiy, M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, G. I. Korotova, E. F. Donovan, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, W. S. Kurth, J. B. Blake (2015) Link between premidnight second harmonic poloidal waves and auroral undulations: Conjugate observations with a Van Allen Probe spacecraft and a THEMIS all-sky imager, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1814-1831 DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020863

Motoba, T., S. Ohtani, B. J. Anderson, H. Korth, D. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, K. Shiokawa, M. Connors, C. A. Kletzing, and G. D. Reeves, (2015) On the formation and origin of substorm growth phase/onset auroral arcs inferred from conjugate space-ground observations, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 8707-8722 DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021676.

T. P. O'Brien, T. P., S. G. Claudepierre, M. D. Looper, J. B. Blake, J. F. Fennell, J. H. Clemmons, J. L. Roeder, S. G. Kanekal, J. W. Manweiler, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, L. J. Lanzerotti, H. E. Spence, G. D. Reeves, and D. N. Baker, (2015) On the use of drift echoes to characterize on-orbit sensor discrepancies, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 2076-2087 DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020859

Morgado, B., D. J. F. Maia, L. J. Lanzerotti, P. Gonçalves, and J. D. Patterson, The low energy magnetic spectrometer on Ulysses and ACE response to near relativistic protons (2015) Astron. Astrophys., 577, A61, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201525960

Lanzerotti, L. J. (2015) Space weather strategy and action plan: The national program is rolled out, Space Weather, 13, 824-825 DOI: 10.1002/2015SW001334

Bonnell, J., and L. J. Lanzerotti (2015) Neutral Oxygen Effects at Low Earth Altitudes: A Critical Uncertainty for Spacecraft Operations and Space Weather Effects, Space Weather, 13, 396-397 DOI: 10.1002/2015SW001229

Lanzerotti, L. J. (2015) Sam Williamson retires as Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, Space Weather, 13, 5 DOI: 10.1002/2014SW001149

Knipp, D. J. and L. J. Lanzerotti (2015) Appreciation of Space Weather peer reviewers for 2014, Space Weather, 13, 395 DOI: 10.1002/2015SW001253